The 4-act drama, The Crucible is the creation of one of the leading playwrights in the world Arthur Miller. It is set in the year 1962 when the trial of Salem witch had prevailed. The act outlines the nature of Puritan Village’s citizen who is to interfere in every other people’s lives. Through the show, Miller portrays repressive code of conduct of the people who injured the norms of behavior.
The show begins at Reverend Parris’ dwell where Betty, his daughter, is not well. He has summoned Reverend Hale, a provider of a cure for supernatural possessions, for he believes that his daughter’s illness is some sort of natural possession and Hale could help her with the cure. He believes so for he saw his daughter boogying in the woods with his domestic help Tituba, niece Abby or Abigail Williams, and other village girls. A hoax spreads that Betty is ill due to witchcraft, but Parris states to Abigail that he can leverage the rumor but cannot agree that his daughter and niece were swaying in the deep dark forest. Reverend Parris discusses and structures that rumors with her that while they were dancing, one of the several girls was naked and Elizabeth Proctor, Abigail’s last employer, fired her for she thought she was immoral and due to any other reason.
Amidst the Act 1, John Proctor, the protagonist, makes an entry to find the condition of Betty. Due to the presence of Abigail, he feels uncomfortable. As the show progresses, the spectators find out that he was earlier involved in an affair with Abby and that’s the real reason why Elizabeth, wife of John, had sacked her. Proctor leaves the place when he finds out Hale coming inside.
The next scene of the play takes place at the home of Proctors. There is frustration and anger in the air. Elizabeth still doesn’t trust John, and he has not yet forgiven himself. Hale enters their place with Salem’s authorities. They are here to arrest Elizabeth due to the blame of being a witchcraft made by Abigail.
The curtain draws, and people now have a look at act 3. John Proctor is seen convincing on one of the girls Mary Warren to acknowledge that they were faking the whole devil possession and witchcraft plot. She is then introduced to the court which is supervised by Hawthorne and Danforth– two judges who believe they cannot be cheated. Mary reveals the reality, but that is again veiled by Abigail Williams who shows up with other girls. Frustrated with the interruption, John Proctor brands the whole framing of his wife thing as the Whore’s Vengeance. He then admits his love affair with Abby, but she denies the same clearly. Frowned with what she had said, he asks the court’s permission to call his wife, as she is aware of the same and she could make the things clear. To protect her husband’s image, Elizabeth declines of any such affair which lands John behind bars.
Towards the end of Miller’s drama, the Crucible, John is shown chained in jail. A dozen members have been executed while Tituba, as well as, Rebecca Nurse await their turn. Elizabeth is in jail as well. Since she is pregnant, she’ll be executed after a year.
Hysteria begins for Parris as Abigail runs away from his place along with all the savings of his life. He realizes that if much-loved citizens viz. Proctors and Rebecca are hanged, villagers may react with sudden violence and anger. Parris, in the company of Hale, convinces the convicts to confess and save themselves from the capital punishment. However, the prisoners choose not to lie.
But John has some different views. He doesn’t want to be dead. As and when he nods to sign the confession, he is asked to involve others also to which he declines. He doesn’t want the agreement to be posted outside Salem’s church. He believes doing so might take away his name and, thus, he rips the agreement apart.
Danforth passes the order to execute both of them. They are taken to the executioner. Both the reverends seem destroyed. They both insist to Elizabeth so that she could plead John to confess and judges to stop his execution but she refuses to do so.
Even though Abigail Williams started off witchery by drinking blood to kill Elizabeth, she only blamed Tituba for the cause of it. Tituba started to blame innocent people who weren’t even involved just to save her own life. This gave an idea to Abigail Williams the idea to do so too, to get Elizabeth in trouble of witchery. If Tituba didn’t start to talk about the devil and blame people, would the Judges be on a search for witches?
Then the thought of witches wouldn’t occur unless later on Abigail went to accuse people but in the story this didn’t happen. So then Elizabeth wouldn’t be accused and then John wouldn’t go to court to save his wife and his friends Goody Good and Goody Osbourne. So Tituba was also partly to blame for the cause o John Proctors death. Elizabeth Proctor whilst trying to save her husband got him into more trouble by lying in court when John Proctor confessed to the Judges about his affair with Abigail, that Abigail is a whore “It is a whore!
” and Elizabeth who is a Christian will tell the truth about it all “In her life sir she has never lied”, but Elizabeth not knowing what to do and thinking she might get her husband into more trouble and blacken his name she lied about it which meant that John Proctor couldn’t be save. But this doesn’t mean Elizabeth wasn’t to blame for his death, because it only meant she couldn’t save him, but if she did say the truth people would be thinking why should we believe a whore and probably people could be saved and this case will be dismissed but what Tituba had said would probably be believed.
Even if Elizabeth didn’t say anything, there still wouldn’t be any difference; John Proctor would have still died. But we could say that if Elizabeth wasn’t there Abigail wouldn’t have wanted to kill Elizabeth, and then witchery wouldn’t have happened so maybe Elizabeth Proctor was also to blame for John Proctors death. John Proctor, he started having an affair with Abigail whilst she was working for Elizabeth. If John Proctor didn’t have an affair with Abigail, she wouldn’t have suddenly fallen in love with him.
The affair encouraged her to get her own way just to be with him and because of this she wants to kill Elizabeth so she could be with John Proctor. So if John didn’t have an affair with Abigail in the first place would anything have started? And also if he didn’t go to court to try and save his friend and wife would he have died? He wouldn’t have gotten in so much trouble and gotten himself killed if he just thought of another plan, but if it wasn’t him who died it was his wife, he really didn’t have much choice.
Because of going to court and trying to save his wife and friends this got him into his own death, so John Proctor was partly to blame for it also. In the crucible, it was a lot of people to blame, everyone could have save John in their own ways, for example if the people in the crucible didn’t believe Abigail and protested against Johns death instead, the Judges couldn’t do anything but let him go, because they wouldn’t want the court looking bad. So mostly everyone was to blame for John Proctors death.