Bantu Migrations Case Study

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      • A new mechanism used by group B Streptococcus to evade the host immune system
      • A new signaling pathway in the proliferation of cardiac cells
      • A strategy for attenuating a virus by modifying its evolutionary potential
      • A theory to link genes with social awareness
      • AIDS: NK cells in the innate immune system control viral replication in the lymph nodes
      • Adapt to survive: the intestinal microbiota promotes viral persistence
      • Airborne Bacterial Volatiles stimulate Fungal Growth
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      • Book release: “Institut Pasteur: Today's Research, Tomorrow's Medicine”
      • Cellular therapy: identification of circulating human Innate Lymphoid Cell Precursors
      • Chikungunya spreads in and around homes with women at highest risk
      • Christine Petit receives the ARO Award of Merit for her work to elucidate the mechanisms of hearing and deafness
      • Culex mosquitoes do not transmit Zika virus
      • Destroying Helicobacter pylori by disrupting synthesis of its cell wall!
      • Discovery of new strains of the HTLV-4 virus in hunters bitten by gorillas in Gabon
      • Discovery of the mechanism used to coordinate replication of the two Vibrio cholerae chromosomes
      • Division – a key moment in establishing cell polarity
      • Drastic reduction of exposure to malaria in Senegal
      • ERC grants: scientific excellence supported by Europe
      • Efficacy of cancer treatment: two bacteria in the microbiota identified
      • Esrrb transcription factor plays a key role in maintaining stem cell identity even after countless divisions
      • Exhibition: the amazing achievements of "Pasteur, the experimenter"!
      • Explanation and advice following the case of rabies in France
      • First statement from the Pasteur International Network association to the World Health Assembly
      • First stone laid for the Institut Pasteur in Guinea​
      • Following maternal transmission, group B strep mutates to sicken infants
      • Frédéric Tangy, expert from the Institut Pasteur, talks about vaccines of today and tomorrow
      • Health and environment: Institut Pasteur and AFD commit to a new program
      • Hepatitis B may infect twice more African babies than HIV
      • How Chlamydia trachomatis hijacks energy stores from its host
      • How Helicobacter pylori survives gastric acidity
      • How does Legionella pneumophila, the bacterium causing legionellosis, use the host cell machinery to its own advantage?
      • How dying cells regulate immunity
      • How investigating the population biology of Listeria is ushering in a new era in listeriosis surveillance​
      • Identification of a new bacterial defense system against phages
      • In the Pasteur library with Hervé Di Rosa
      • Insect vectors: a mosquito capable of limiting viral infection
      • Institut Pasteur in Guinea: One Health training to strengthen local expertise
      • Key cellular factors for chikungunya virus replication identified
      • Launch of the recruitment process for the Director of the Institut Pasteur
      • Long-awaited determination of the 3D structure of a human transporter
      • Low competence of Aedes mosquitoes for Zika virus transmission
      • Lyme disease – chipmunks may affect tick infection but the risk of transmission is more complex
      • Mechanism of activation of a major toxin involved in whooping cough
      • Modeling to monitor and anticipate the Zika outbreak in Martinique
      • MosKeyTool: a free and interactive tool to identify mosquitoes of the Euro-Mediterranean region
      • Neurobiologist Jean-Pierre Changeux tells us the story of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor
      • New Fellowships have been announced to enhance the next generation of global health leaders
      • Phage therapy effective in Crohn's disease
      • Plague outbreak: advice for travelers to Madagascar
      • Proof-of-concept study reveals feasibility of eliminating rabies in Africa
      • Quiescent cells also mutate!
      • Rabies in Cambodia
      • Sign up for the upcoming Institut Pasteur MOOCs
      • Summer University dedicated to the creation of life sciences company
      • Support for government policy for the prevention of infectious diseases
      • Table salt to diagnose malaria​
      • Thank you, Simone Veil!
      • The 2016 Pasteur Vallery-Radot Prize
      • The 2017 Pasteur iGEM team – a purifying and recycling device
      • The Ebola virus adapted to better infect humans during the 2013-2016 epidemic
      • The ISG15 protein plays a key role in fighting bacterial infections
      • The Institut Pasteur in Côte d'Ivoire diagnoses a dengue epidemic in Abidjan
      • The Zika virus modifies the morphology of the cells and makes them implode
      • The documentary Unseen Enemy in streaming on ARTE.TV
      • The factors that most affect our immune system
      • The first "3D" metagenomics experiment on a complex natural microbiome
      • The first case of prolonged remission in an HIV-infected child – an interview with Asier Saez-Cirion
      • The long history of medical entomology
      • The molecular crossbow: a vital weapon in the bacterial arsenal
      • Third type of membrane envelope in a hyperthermophilic virus
      • This week, France Culture's flagship documentary series explores the life and work of Louis Pasteur
      • Tunneling nanotubes between neurons enable the spread of Parkinson's disease via lysosomes
      • Two major types of rabies that evolved in different ways
      • Unmasking an ancestral mechanism of integrons — key players in antibiotic resistance
      • Unseen Enemy, a film about our vulnerability to global epidemics
      • What is the "tiger mosquito" (Aedes albopictus)?
      • When Listeria attacks the intestinal microbiota
      • Why vaccines are essential
      • Yellow fever: using modeling to optimize the use of vaccine stocks
    • Events
    • Keeping a close eye on influenza
    • Olivier Gascuel: Inria – French Académie des sciences Grand Prize
    • Press documents
  • Press area
  • Home
    • The Institut Pasteur
    • Our missions
    • Support us
    • The research journal
      • Find in journal
      • Reports
      • News
        • "N-terminomics" reveals how Listeria bacteria detect and react to stress
        • "Pasteur, the experimenter" – the must-see exhibition!
        • 130 years ago, the Institut Pasteur was under construction
        • A Task Force for responding to outbreaks such as Zika
        • A link between the microbiota and the severity of tuberculosis
        • A microbial virus from extreme environments opens doors to new therapeutical strategies
        • A new 800 MHz nuclear magnetic resonance instrument at the Institut Pasteur
        • A new approach for deciphering complex immune responses
        • A new mechanism used by group B Streptococcus to evade the host immune system
        • A new signaling pathway in the proliferation of cardiac cells
        • A strategy for attenuating a virus by modifying its evolutionary potential
        • A theory to link genes with social awareness
        • AIDS: NK cells in the innate immune system control viral replication in the lymph nodes
        • Adapt to survive: the intestinal microbiota promotes viral persistence
        • Airborne Bacterial Volatiles stimulate Fungal Growth
        • Alexandre Yersin, the man who discovered the bacterium responsible for the plague
        • Biotechnology: DNA polymerases that can replicate DNA without a primer!
        • Book release: “Institut Pasteur: Today's Research, Tomorrow's Medicine”
        • Cellular therapy: identification of circulating human Innate Lymphoid Cell Precursors
        • Chikungunya spreads in and around homes with women at highest risk
        • Christine Petit receives the ARO Award of Merit for her work to elucidate the mechanisms of hearing and deafness
        • Culex mosquitoes do not transmit Zika virus
        • Destroying Helicobacter pylori by disrupting synthesis of its cell wall!
        • Discovery of new strains of the HTLV-4 virus in hunters bitten by gorillas in Gabon
        • Discovery of the mechanism used to coordinate replication of the two Vibrio cholerae chromosomes
        • Division – a key moment in establishing cell polarity
        • Drastic reduction of exposure to malaria in Senegal
        • ERC grants: scientific excellence supported by Europe
        • Efficacy of cancer treatment: two bacteria in the microbiota identified
        • Esrrb transcription factor plays a key role in maintaining stem cell identity even after countless divisions
        • Exhibition: the amazing achievements of "Pasteur, the experimenter"!
        • Explanation and advice following the case of rabies in France
        • First statement from the Pasteur International Network association to the World Health Assembly
        • First stone laid for the Institut Pasteur in Guinea​
        • Following maternal transmission, group B strep mutates to sicken infants
        • Frédéric Tangy, expert from the Institut Pasteur, talks about vaccines of today and tomorrow
        • Health and environment: Institut Pasteur and AFD commit to a new program
        • Hepatitis B may infect twice more African babies than HIV
        • How Chlamydia trachomatis hijacks energy stores from its host
        • How Helicobacter pylori survives gastric acidity
        • How does Legionella pneumophila, the bacterium causing legionellosis, use the host cell machinery to its own advantage?
        • How dying cells regulate immunity
        • How investigating the population biology of Listeria is ushering in a new era in listeriosis surveillance​
        • Identification of a new bacterial defense system against phages
        • In the Pasteur library with Hervé Di Rosa
        • Insect vectors: a mosquito capable of limiting viral infection
        • Institut Pasteur in Guinea: One Health training to strengthen local expertise
        • Key cellular factors for chikungunya virus replication identified
        • Launch of the recruitment process for the Director of the Institut Pasteur
        • Long-awaited determination of the 3D structure of a human transporter
        • Low competence of Aedes mosquitoes for Zika virus transmission
        • Lyme disease – chipmunks may affect tick infection but the risk of transmission is more complex
        • Mechanism of activation of a major toxin involved in whooping cough
        • Modeling to monitor and anticipate the Zika outbreak in Martinique
        • MosKeyTool: a free and interactive tool to identify mosquitoes of the Euro-Mediterranean region
        • Neurobiologist Jean-Pierre Changeux tells us the story of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor
        • New Fellowships have been announced to enhance the next generation of global health leaders
        • Phage therapy effective in Crohn's disease
        • Plague outbreak: advice for travelers to Madagascar
        • Proof-of-concept study reveals feasibility of eliminating rabies in Africa
        • Quiescent cells also mutate!
        • Rabies in Cambodia
        • Sign up for the upcoming Institut Pasteur MOOCs
        • Summer University dedicated to the creation of life sciences company
        • Support for government policy for the prevention of infectious diseases
        • Table salt to diagnose malaria​
        • Thank you, Simone Veil!
        • The 2016 Pasteur Vallery-Radot Prize
        • The 2017 Pasteur iGEM team – a purifying and recycling device
        • The Ebola virus adapted to better infect humans during the 2013-2016 epidemic
        • The ISG15 protein plays a key role in fighting bacterial infections
        • The Institut Pasteur in Côte d'Ivoire diagnoses a dengue epidemic in Abidjan
        • The Zika virus modifies the morphology of the cells and makes them implode
        • The documentary Unseen Enemy in streaming on ARTE.TV
        • The factors that most affect our immune system
        • The first "3D" metagenomics experiment on a complex natural microbiome
        • The first case of prolonged remission in an HIV-infected child – an interview with Asier Saez-Cirion
        • The long history of medical entomology
        • The molecular crossbow: a vital weapon in the bacterial arsenal
        • Third type of membrane envelope in a hyperthermophilic virus
        • This week, France Culture's flagship documentary series explores the life and work of Louis Pasteur
        • Tunneling nanotubes between neurons enable the spread of Parkinson's disease via lysosomes
        • Two major types of rabies that evolved in different ways
        • Unmasking an ancestral mechanism of integrons — key players in antibiotic resistance
        • Unseen Enemy, a film about our vulnerability to global epidemics
        • What is the "tiger mosquito" (Aedes albopictus)?
        • When Listeria attacks the intestinal microbiota
        • Why vaccines are essential
        • Yellow fever: using modeling to optimize the use of vaccine stocks
      • Events
      • Keeping a close eye on influenza
      • Olivier Gascuel: Inria – French Académie des sciences Grand Prize
      • Press documents
    • Press area
  • Research
  • Education

Bantu Migrations Essay

862 WordsFeb 27th, 20084 Pages

The Bantu migrations had a vast influence on the development of Africa. The Bantu peoples passed on many concepts to the rest of Sub-Saharan Africa. Originating from Nigeria in the Niger River Valley, the Bantu migrated south and then spread to both the east and west. The Bantu laid the foundation for Sub-Saharan African societies. They spread agriculture, animal domestication, iron metallurgy, and cultural development throughout southern Africa. Various forms of government have developed as a result of the Bantu migrations. They also contributed to the start of many societies, including the Swahili city states. The adaptations the Bantu people learned, especially the making of iron, helped them to expand and spread their discoveries. As…show more content…

Along with iron, bananas helped the Bantu expand into areas not possible before, allowing for these amazing spreading of the Bantus' discoveries. Once iron and bananas were well established within Bantu tribes, about 1000 CE, their population sizes grew to about twenty two million!
The Bantu stopped migrating during the first century CE and started to form complex government for the settled villages they already had. Stateless societies are forms of government that are not run by a hierarchy, but rather through family or kinship groups. The start of these family based government systems influenced the development of villages, districts, city-states, and small and large kingdoms. The Swahili tribe originating off of the eastern cost of Sub-Saharan Africa was a prime example of Bantu government. Being Bantu themselves, the Swahili show how the Bantu spread not only government, but also societies as a whole. Just as the Bantus' influence on developing Africa, kinship groups, or family based governing systems, started out small and eventually grew into massive kingdoms ruling and influencing entire regions. As in many other places throughout the world, kingdoms brought a need for protection from neighboring regions. The Bantu seeded the beginnings of African societies, along with starting military development and growth throughout southern Africa.
One huge aspect of the Bantu tribes' migrations was the amount of religion and rituals they spread throughout Sub-Saharan

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